Energy Transition

Projecting the future energy mix nationally and globally, and prospects for different sectors and technologies

The world’s growing appetite for energy, combined with concern about the risks of climate change, is leading nations to seek a technology mix that simultaneously lowers greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and enables economic growth. The search for affordable, reliable, efficient, low‑carbon energy-at-scale involves a realistic assessment of the benefits and constraints of existing and new technologies, as well as their socioeconomic implications.

Our studies inform decision‑makers, enabling them to make sound, forward‑looking choices from an expansive menu of technology and policy options aimed at lowering GHG emissions. We project, under business as usual (BAU) and other policies, the future energy mix; performance of different sectors (e.g. mobility/transportation including electric vehicles, power, industrial, agriculture); and market penetration of technologies (e.g. carbon capture and sequestration (CCS), hydrogen, renewables, intermittency (batteries, demand response, electricity markets), and negative emissions technologies (BECCS, afforestation, reforestation and geoengineering)).

To learn how your organization can benefit from funding our research, please visit the Joint Program Sponsorship page. 

Publications

Journal Article
Sorman, A.H., X. Garcia-Muros, C. Pizarro-Irizar and M. Gonzalez-Eguino (2020). Energy Research & Social Science, 64 (101414) (doi: 10.1016/j.erss.2019.101414)
Journal Article
Paltsev, S.  (2020). Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy, online first (preprint)
Journal Article
• China Energy & Climate Project
Karplus, V.J., X. Shen and D. Zhang (2020). The Energy Journal, 41(4) (doi: 10.5547/01956574.41.4.vkar)

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Research Projects

People

Administration, Faculty
MIT Energy Initiative; Joint Program
Administration, Faculty
Sloan; Joint Program
Collaborators
Joint Program
Faculty
Aero-Astro; Joint Program
Research staff
Joint Program; MIT Energy Initiative
Research staff
Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change
Research staff
Joint Program
Faculty
Sloan; Joint Program
Faculty, Alumni
Sloan; Joint Program
Research staff, Alumni
Joint Program
Research staff, Students
Collaborators
Joint Program
Research staff
Joint Program