Earth Systems

Understanding changes and risks to the interconnected land, ocean, atmosphere and biosphere system

Understanding and predicting the complexity of Earth’s natural changes and variations as well as its responses to human influence requires many disciplines of science working together.

Key components within the Earth system are the atmosphere, cryosphere, land and ocean, each of which involve many interactive processes. Each process is a series of actions—governed by fundamental laws of physics, chemistry, fluid dynamics, geology and biology—that occur to produce a condition (e.g. temperature), movement (e.g. wind) and/or exchange (e.g. evaporation).The Earth system also encompasses natural ecosystems—changes in the oceans, biosphere and global nutrient and carbon cycles—as well as human drivers and dynamics (e.g., emission impacts of migration, industrialization and urbanization).

It is only through the cooperation and collaboration of our researchers and expertise in all areas of these scientific disciplines that our MIT Earth System Model (MESM) can provide credible and reliable insights into the future.

To learn how your organization can benefit from funding our research, please visit the Joint Program Sponsorship page. 

Publications

Joint Program Report
Schlosser, C.A., A. Sokolov, K. Strzepek, T. Thomas, X. Gao and C. Arndt  (2020). Joint Program Report Series Report 342, [PDF]
Joint Program Report
Reilly, J.M., A. Gurgel and E. Blanc (2020). Joint Program Report Series Report 343, [PDF]
Journal Article
MacDougall, A.H., T.L. Frölicher, C.D. Jones, J. Rogelj, H.D. Matthews, K. Zickfeld, V.K. Arora, N.J. Barrett, V. Brovkin, F.A. Burger, M. Eby, A.V. Eliseev, T. Hajima, P. B. Holden, A. Jeltsch-Thömmes, C. Koven, N. Mengis, L. Menviel, M. Michou, I.I. Mokhov, A Oka, J. Schwinger, R. Séférian, G. Shaffer, A. Sokolov, K. Tachiiri, J. Tjiputra, A. Wiltshire and T. Ziehn (2020). Biogeosciences, 17(11), 2987-3016 (doi: 10.5194/bg-17-2987-2020)

News + Media

Research Projects

People

Administration, Faculty
Joint Program; CGCS
Administration, Faculty
CGCS; Joint Program
Research staff
Joint Program; Earth, Atmospheric & Planetary Sciences
Research staff
CGCS; Joint Program
Collaborators
Marine Biological Laboratory; Joint Program
Collaborators, Alumni
CGCS; Joint Program
Research staff
CGCS; Joint Program
Research staff
CGCS; Joint Program
Faculty
CGCS; Earth, Atmospheric & Planetary Sciences
Collaborators
Joint Program; Earth, Atmospheric & Planetary Sciences