Pathways to Paris

Archive Project
Pathways to Paris

Focus Areas: 

  • Energy Transition
  • Policy Scenarios
  • Climate Policy
  • Regional Analysis
  • Asia & Australasia
  • South & Central America

Most signatories of the Paris Agreement are refining their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) for the 2018 Facilitative Dialogue that will be held at the 24th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP24) in Katowice, Poland in December 2018. National strategies for compliance with NDCs are evolving: countries can deploy a wide range of policies to bridge the gap between current emission trajectories and NDC goals.

Applying its robust modeling framework capable of assessing the viability of technology options, and policies that would promote them, MIT will conduct a gap analysis between current emission levels and NDC targets at a national level for selected countries in Latin America and for the ten-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). As part of this assessment, MIT will identify key challenges to compliance and suggest regionally applicable policy and technology solutions, with a focus on the electricity sector.

Based on its modeling and insights, and expertise on low-carbon technologies from General Electric, representatives from Latin American countries, and partners including the ASEAN Center for Energy, MIT will produce two Pathways to Paris reports: one focused on Latin America, and one on ASEAN. The reports will clearly identify recommendations on technology pathways countries can take, and policy reforms they should consider, which are relevant for Latin American and ASEAN countries and which provide insight to enable them to reduce emissions from their baseline trajectory as well as improve energy security in the electric power sector. Findings from the study will be delivered at the 2018 Facilitative Dialogue.

Collaboration: Led by MIT Joint Program, involving MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEPR)


Pathways to Paris Reports

ASEAN Report - Executive Summary - Slide Deck
For every ASEAN country, a simplified Excel-based emission projection tool is available upon request. Please contact for additional information.

Latin America Report - Executive Summary - Slide Deck

Economy-Wide Models

Running models require GAMS and GTAP. See readme files for more details.





These open source models include only the model code, which allows users to study the model structure. They do not include the underlying economic data for the base year of the model. In order to run the models, in addition to the model code users need the data from version 8 of the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) database, which may be purchased from GTAP ( To request a model download with the GTAP data included, please provide proof of purchase for the GTAP8 (or newer) database to The GAMS software is also required to run these models. This software is not included in either package and must be purchased separately.

Funding Sources

Project Leaders

Administration, Faculty
MIT Energy Initiative; Joint Program