- Journal Article
Abstract: Agricultural decision-making by different interest groups (e.g., farmers, development agents and policymakers) usually takes place on different scales (e.g., plot, landscape and country). Currently, tools to assist decision-making
are either dedicated to small-scale management guidance or large-scale assessment, which ignore the cross-scale linkages and interactions and thus may not provide robust and consistent guidance and assessment.
Here, we developed an advanced agricultural modeling framework by integrating the strengths of conventional crop models in representing crop growth processes and management practices into a terrestrial biosphere model
(TBM), the Dynamic Land Ecosystem Model (DLEM), to meet the cross-scale application needs (e.g., adaptation and mitigation). Specifically, dynamic crop growth processes, including crop-specific phenological development,
carbon allocation, yield formation, biological nitrogen fixation processes, and management practices such as tillage, cover cropping and genetic improvements, were explicitly represented in DLEM.
The new model was evaluated against site-scale observations, and the results showed that the model performed generally well, with an average normalized root mean square error of 19.91% for leaf area index and 17.46% for aboveground biomass
at the seasonal scale and 14.42% for annual yield. Then the model was applied to simulate corn, soybean, and winter wheat productions in the conterminous United States from 1960 to 2018. The spatial patterns of simulated crop productions were consistent with ground survey data. Our model also captured both the long-term trends and interannual variations of the total national productions of the three crops.
This study demonstrates the significance of fusing conventional crop modeling techniques into TBMs to establish a unified modeling framework, which holds the potential to address climate impacts, adaptation and mitigation across varied spatiotemporal scales.
• A unified agricultural modeling framework is implemented in DLEM v4.0.
• Simulated results agree well with site-scale LAI, biomass and yield measurements.
- • Regional simulations can well reproduce spatial-temporal patterns of crop production.
- • DLEM v4.0 can be used to support agricultural climate adaptation and mitigation.