- Journal Article
We visualize water utilization in Beijing from source to service and onwards to destination using Sankey diagram to analyze the energy–water nexus at the city level. First, we describe the methodology, defï¿½nition, and data and apply the Sankey diagram approach. Beijing faces highly constrained water resources and relies heavily on water that is energy-intensive to supply (such as underground water or water that must be conveyed over long distances. We fï¿½nd that the electricity required for water supply, treatment, utilization, and post-use utilization comprised about 5–7% of total electricity consumption in Beijing in 2009. We further fï¿½nd that water used in the energy-related sub-sectors accounted for about one-fourth of the water used in the whole industrial sector and about of 3% of the total fresh water used in Beijing in 2009. Among the energy related sub-sectors, the electricity sub-sector was found to be the largest contributor.
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