Forum Archive

XXXVIII Environmental Change and Economic Development in Africa

2015: October 7-9; Muldersdrift, Gauteng, South Africa             Agenda
*Held in collaboration with: United Nations University-World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) and the Republic of South Africa Departments of National Treasury, Environmental Affairs and National Planning Commission

SESSIONS: Environmental Change in Sub-Saharan Africa; Development Prospects and Challenges in the Region; Energy Development and Investment Opportunities; Water, Agriculture, and Adaptation; Productivity, Development, Job Creation and the Environment; Developing Countries and the COP

XXXVII Science and Policy Foundations of Post-2020 Actions

2014: October 15-17; Cambridge, Massachusetts    Agenda

SESSIONS: Budget for Cumulative Carbon Emissions; COP-21 Prospects; Technology Options in Power and Transportation; Low Probability-High Impact Climate Risks; Risks and Options for Water, Food and Energy; Perspectives on a Prospective Post-2020 Agreement

XXXVI Preparing for Climate Extremes

2014: January 29-31; Coral Gables, Florida    Agenda

SESSIONS: Coastal Infrastructure & Severe Tropical Storms; Floods & Droughts; Arctic & Energy Vulnerability; Health, Heat Waves & Air Pollution; Preparation for COP 2015: U.S. and China; The Outlook for COP 2015

XXXV Water, Food and Energy in a Changing World

2013: June 4-6; Cambridge, Massachusetts    Agenda

SESSIONS: The Changing World I: Climate; The Changing World II: Economy and Demand; Water and Crops; Water and Energy; The Role of Technology and Institutions; Institutional, Trade, and Investment Policies

XXXIV The Role of Fossil Fuels in the Transition Toward a Low Carbon Future

2012: September 26-28; Banff, Alberta, Canada   Agenda
*Held in collaboration with Carbon Management Canada (CMC) and Suncor Energy

SESSIONS: Climate Change and the World's Breadbaskets; Transportation; Reducing the Carbon Footprint of Petroleum Resources; Alternative Fuels in the Utility Sector and the Life-Cycle Analysis; Emerging Petroleum Resources; International Market Developments and Climate Policy

XXXIII Evaluating Progress on the Climate Front

2012: March 28-30; Arlington, Virginia   Agenda

SESSIONS: Progress on Climate Science; Independent Emissions Verification: Why and How?; Progress on Mitigation in the non-OECD; Progress on Mitigation in the OECD; Preparing for Adaptation; Government and Non-Government Actions

XXXII Rethinking Global Climate

2011: June 22-24; Cambridge, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: The Scientific Evidence for Environmental Change; Energy Security; Managing Agricultural Resources; Managing the Threats to Ecosystems; Environmental Change and the Future of Cities; The Road From Cancun

XXXI Confronting Domestic and Global Climate Strategies

2010: October 20-22; Brussels, Belgium   Agenda
*Held in collaboration with UCL-CORE and Chair Lhoist Berghmans

SESSIONS: Lessons from Past Interglacial Climates; Forecasting Climate at the Regional Level; Global Economics, Global Trade and its Carbon Content; Consequences of Diverse Domestic Carbon & Energy Politics; Goals and Challenges in Assessing the State of the Science; The Road To and From Cancun

XXX Features of the Road from Copenhagen: Science, Technology and Economics

2010: March 23-25; Arlington, Virginia   Agenda

SESSIONS: Evolving Views of the Threat; Regional Climate Risks and Adaptation Aid; Developments in Land Use; Technological Prospects: Electric Generation; Technological Prospects: Energy Use; Emerging National and International Policy Architecture

XXIX The Scientific, Economic and Policy Background for COP-15

2009: June 24-26; Rome, Italy*   Agenda
*Held in collaboration with Eni

SESSIONS: Progress in Analysis of Climate Risk at Regional Scale; Managing Climate Risk in the Mediterranean Basin; The Effects of Recession on Climate Policy; Protection of Forest Carbon and Diversity: Verification and Permanence; Mechanisms or Broadening Engagement by Developing Countries; The State of the COP-15 Negotiations

XXVIII Reconciling Short-Term Policy with Long-Term Goals

2008: October 29-31; Cambridge, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: Current Estimate of Climate Change Risk; Setting Long-term Goals: Bali, the Large Emitters, and the G8; Short-term Mitigation: The U.S., E.U. and Japan; Deforestation and Forest Degradation; Adaptation; Financing the Transition

XXVII Challenges to Low-CO2 Energy Supply at Proposed Scale and Pace

2008: March 26-28; Arlington, Virginia   Agenda

SESSIONS: Scale Implications of Energy Growth plus Policy Targets; Nuclear Power; Coal with CO2 Capture and Storage; Biofuels; Solar and Wind Power; Policy Needs of the Transformation

XXVI Coping with Climate Change

2007: June 20-22; Cambridge, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: The Scale and Timing of the Mitigation Change; Renewables at Large Scale; The Science of Geoengineering; International Institutions and Geoengineering; Anticipatory Adaptation; Climate Policy Developments in the U.S.

XXV Opening up Climate Policy: Perspectives Beyond the Kyoto Protocol

2006: October 10-12; Vienna, Austria*   Agenda
*Held in collaboration with the Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)

SESSIONS: EU Emissions Trading Scheme — Review of Phase 1 and preparing for Phase 2; Will Climate Policy Benefit from the EU Policy Agenda?; The Effectiveness of Existing Policies and Measures in Greenhouse Gas Mitigation; The Adequacy of Current Forecasts of Climate Change; Evaluation of the Role of Adaptation in Climate Policy; Possible Dimensions of Future International Climate Negotiations

XXIV Long-Term Goals for Climate Policy: Stabilization and Alternatives

2006: January 25-27; Coral Gables, Florida   Agenda

SESSIONS: Ongoing Stabilization Scenario Exercises; Stabilization Calculations: The Role of Threshold Processes, Issues in Definition and Expression of Results; Meta Benefit-Cost Analysis of Stabilization: Defining "Danger"; The Role of Stabilization Levels in Climate Policy; Status and Prospects for Post-2012 Negotiations

XXIII Research to Inform Climate Policy: Identifying the Critical Gaps

2005: March 22-24; Arlington, Virginia   Agenda

SESSIONS: Science: Improving Forecasts of Climate Change; Assessing the Impacts of Climate Change;Technology: Electric Generation; Transportation; Public and Private Inducement of Innovation and Technical Change; International Cooperation in Science, R&D, and Technology Transfer

XXII Broadening Climate Discussions: The Linkage of Climate Change to Other Policy Areas

2004: June 9-11; Venice, Italy*   Agenda
*Held in collaboration with Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM), and Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti

SESSIONS: International Trade; Agriculture and Land Use; Air Pollution Control; Energy Security; Economic Development and International Aid; Urban Development and Coastal Protection; Prospects for an International Climate Regime

XXI Climate Uncertainty, Long-Term Goals, and Current Mitigation Effort

2003: October 8-10; Cambridge, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: Scenarios and Uncertainty Analysis of Future Emissions; Uncertainty in Climate Projections; Determination of Atmospheric Goals Under Uncertainty; Preparing Risk Results for Public Communication; Relating Long-Term Goals to Current Mitigation Policy; Next Steps in Climate Negotiations

XX Instabilities in the Human-Climate System

2003: January 29-31; La Jolla, California*   Agenda
*Held in collaboration with University of California Revelle Program on Climate Science and Policy

SESSIONS: Ocean Processes: Current Theory and the Paleo Record; Polar Processes: Trends and Instabilities; Land Ecosystems: Rapid Change and Possible Irreversibilities; Ocean Biodiversity and Biological Processing; Sub-National vs. National Climate Policy Programs; The Future of a Fragmented Climate Regime

XIX Managing Fragmented Climate Regimes

2002: June 12-14; Paris, France*   Agenda
*Held in collaboration with the Centre Internatinale de Reserche sur l'Environment et le Dévelopment (CIRED)

SESSIONS: The Evolving State of the Climate Regime; Emerging Trading Systems; Trade Balance and Competitiveness Issues; The Role of Regional Climate Forecasts in Policy; Linkages between Climate and Air Pollution; Forces Pushing for Convergence

XVIII Paths to a Workable Climate Regime

2001: October 17-19; Cambridge, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: Uncertainty in Human-Climate Interaction; The IPCC TAR: What's New and Implications for Policy; Knitting National Responses into Global Agreement; A Long-Term "Solution"?: Alternatives to Conventional Fossil Technology; A Short-Term "Bridge"?: The Promise and Problems of Sinks; The Outlook for a Workable Climate Regime

XVII Designing Post-Kyoto Mechanisms

2001: January 10-12; New Delhi, India*   Agenda
*Held in collabration with The Energy Research Institute (TERI)

SESSIONS: Review and Analysis of the Results of COP-6; The Future of Annex B Commitments; The Role of CDM, With and Without Entry into Force; Greenhouse Gas Mitigation and Urban/Regional Pollution Control; Regional Climate Projection and Adaptation Aid; Long-term Issues: Accession and Convergence

XVI Key Non-Linearities and Uncertainty in Climate Policy

2000: June 21-23; Berlin, Germany*   Agenda
*Held in collabration with the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

SESSIONS: Ocean Response and the Stabiity of the Thermohaline Circulation; Aerosols and Clouds; The Response of the Terrestrial Biosphere; Integration of Components Into Overall Uncerainty Analysis; Emission Control Decisions Uncer Uncertainty; Progress of the Climate Negotiations and Expectations for COP-6

XV Definitions, Measurement, and Monitoring in Climate Policy

1999: November 17-19; Boston, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: Detection of Climate Change and Calibration of Climate Models; Measurment, Monitoring, and Envorcement of Carbon Sinks; Interpreting the "Danger" Goal in the Climate Convention; The Use of GWPs in Climate Agreements; Interaction of Air Pollution Control and Global Change; Measurement and Implementation in National Permit Trading Systems

XIV Easing the Burdens of Emissions Control

1999: January 27-29; Boston, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: The Biophysical Potential of Forest and Agricultural Sinks; Economics and Policy of Sinks; The Potential for Other Gases; Technology Options for Utilities; Technology Options in Transportation; Integrated Emissions Trading

XIII Climate Assessment and Policy Development after Kyoto

1998: June 14-16; London, England*   Agenda
*Held in collaboration with The Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House)

SESSIONS: Detection and Attribution of Climate Change; New Developments in the Science of Climate Change; New Dimensions in the IPCC Assessment Process; Implementation of Annex I Flexibility: Bubbles, Trading and Joint Implementation; Implementation and Extension of Provisions Involving Non-Annex I Parties; Prospects for Ratification and Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol

XII Effects of Global Change on Natural and Human Systems

1997: September 29 - October 1; Boston, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: Health Effects of Potential Climate Change; Effects on Agriculture and Forestry; Effects on Water Supply and Quality; Biodiversity, Ecosystem Function, and Effects of Climate Change; Integrating Global Change Effects for Policy Analysis and Public Communication; Prospects for Kyoto

XI The Berlin Mandate: Progress, Prospects, and Aftermath

1997: January 29-31; Cambridge, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: Interpreting the Results to Date in the Ad-Hoc Group on the Berlin Mandate; The Likely Climate and Economic Effects of Stabilization Proposals; Greenhouse Policy Architecture and Institutions; The Lessons from Sulfur Trading for Carbon Policy; Prospects for Reconciling the Competing Interests in COP-3; Beyond COP-3

X Burden Sharing Under the Climate Convention

1996: June 12-14; Oslo, Norway*   Agenda
*Held in collaboration with the Climate Forum of the Norwegian Center for International Climate and Energy Research (CICERO)

SESSIONS: Recent Assessments of Climate Change: "Fingerprints" and Forecasts; Joint Implementation: Definition; Analysis, and Implementation; Common Policies and Measures: Leading Proposals, Analysis of Effectiveness, and Distribution of Burdens; Mulit-Gas Control Proposals: Analysis and Implementation; The Interaction of Local Pollution Control and Global Emissions Policies; The Development, Transfer, and Diffusion of Improved Technical Options; Targets, Common Measures, and Burden Sharing: The "Architecture" of Policy Emerging in the Ad-Hoc Group on the Berlin Mandate

IX Handling Uncertainty in Assessment of Climate Change Policy

1995: November 1-3; Cambridge, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: Framing the Policy Issues: The Relevance of Uncertainty to Current Choices; Analysis of Uncertainty in Large Modeling Systems; "Fingerprints" of Climate Change: Probing the Content of Observational Data; Limits to Predictability in Climate Analysis; Interactions and Feedbacks in the MIT Climate Change Framework; The Status of Climate Negotiations and 1995 IPCC Reports

VIII The Role of Science in the Climate Convention

1995: May 17-19; Cambridge, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: The Berlin Conference and the Future of the FCCC; Climate Prediction: Key Issues and Future Resolution; Ecosystem Impacts: Accommodating Transients and Uncertainty; Integrated Assessment: Case Analysis Using the MIT Framework; Scientific Progress and Policy Influence Since 1988; The Science Advisory Process: Are We Communicating?

VII Economic Components of Climate Policy Analysis

1994: October 17-19; Cambridge, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Policy Cost: Detailed Regional and Sectoral Modeling; Long-Term GHG Emissions: Econometric Evidence; Characterizing Resources, Technology and Cost; Analysis of Key Developing Countries; Linking Emissions to Atmospheric Concentrations; Policy Analysis of GHG "Stabilization"

VI Climate Change: Potential Impacts and Policy Response

1994: June 19-21; Venice, Italy*   Agenda
*Held in collaboration with Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti

SESSIONS: Climate Change: Potential Impacts and Policy Response; Sea Level Rise; Storm Tracks and Intensity; Agriculture and Water Resources; Climate Effects on Natural Ecosystems; Likely Developments in the Framework Convention on Climate Change; Policies and Prospects for Greenhouse Gase Stabilization in the OECD and Developing Countries

V Integrated Assessment of Climate Change

1993: October 20-22; Cambridge, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: Overview of the Integrated Assessment Task; Issues in Modeling Climate; Measuring and Modeling Effects of Global Change; Formulting Policy Choices Given Uncertainty and Irreversibility; Analysis of Economic and Energy Interactions; Next Steps in Integrated Assessment

IV Capture and Utilization Options for Greenhouse Gases

1993: April 12-14; Dedham, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: Capture and Utilization Options; Land Disposal: Capacity, Transportation and Safety; Ocean Disposal: Circulation, Chemistry and the Engineering Options; Cost Assessment, and Implications for Future Work; The Future of the Framework Convention on Climate Change; Future Activity of the IPCC and the Role of Independent Integrated Studies

III The Role of Developing Countries in the Climate Change Issue

1992: October 13-15; Cambridge, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: The Business Role in Greenhouse Gas Strategies for Developing Countries; Effects of GHG Control Policies on Developing Countries; Climate Change at Regional Scale: Observations, and Predictions; Agricultural Impacts of Potential Climate Change; Integrated Analysis of Climate Change

II The Agenda for Action After the Rio de Janeiro UNCED Conference

1992: March 30 - April 1; Cambridge, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: Review and Discussion of IPCC Update; Emerging Science Issues Important for Policy; The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee Process After Brazil; Mitigation Policies; Information and Analysis Needs, Post-Brazil

I Key Issues in the Framework for an Integrated Study of Climate Change

1991: September 4-6; Cambridge, Massachusetts   Agenda

SESSIONS: Climate Prediction for Policy Analysis; Global Greenhouse Gas Budgets; Cost Analysis of Control Policies; LDC Stakes in Global Change; Global Climate Negotiations; Plans for the Global Change Forum


Forums convened far from MIT may be held in collaboration with a local co-sponsor. Our former co-sponsors include:





Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei

Istituto Veneto di Scienze Lettered Arti

UC Revelle




Chatham House